Total Protein Test: Everything You Should Know

Everyone already knows that proteins are significant building blocks of different tissues and cells within the body.

Proteins are important for the growth of the body, development, and most importantly health. The blood is known to contain two important proteins, globulin and albumin.

Globulin is extremely important for the immune system while albumin helps in preventing fluid from leaking. These two proteins are the two most important types of proteins present within the body.

The total protein test is required for measuring the quantity of globulin and albumin that is present within the body.

It is normally done when a person goes through significant weight loss, faces fatigue, and has other symptoms associated with liver or kidney diseases.

Proteins are significant structure squares all things considered and tissues. Proteins are vital for your body’s development, improvement, and wellbeing.

Blood contains egg whites and globulin. Egg whites proteins shield liquid from spilling out of your veins. Globulin proteins assume a significant job in your invulnerable framework.

Albumin and globulin are two kinds of protein in your body. The all-out protein test quantifies the aggregate sum Albumin and globulin in your body.

It’s utilized as a feature of your standard wellbeing test. It might likewise be utilized in the event that you have startling weight reduction, exhaustion, or the manifestations of a kidney or liver malady.

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Purpose of the protein test

Total protein tests are considered to be one of the important parts of the regular health checkup. The total protein test is a significant test that is responsible for making up a comprehensive medical panel.

Doctors normally advise going through this test if you have:

  • An unexpected loss of weight
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Edema
  • Symptoms associated with liver and kidney diseases

The protein test can measure the quantity of protein present within your blood and primarily looks for the exact amount of globulin and albumin.

It also looks at the ratio of the two proteins present in the blood, which is known as the famous A/G ratio.

On the off chance that all-out protein is unusual, extra tests must be performed to distinguish which explicit protein is low or high before a determination can be made.

In newborn children or little kids, a lancet is utilized to cut the skin and the blood gathers in a little glass pipette, test strip, or onto a slide.

Mechanism of the protein estimation test

The protein estimation test is performed by collecting the blood sample of the patient, which is analyzed in a laboratory.

No special preparations are required for the test; however, the doctor is going to inform whether certain important steps have to be taken.

Certain medications are going to be stopped as they can affect the results. Medications, which can affect the protein test include:

  • Androgens
  • Steroids
  • Dextran
  • Corticosteroids
  • Growth hormone
  • Insulin
  • Progesterone
  • Estrogen
  • Birth control medicines

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Risks associated with protein estimation assay

You can feel a certain discomfort after the blood test. However, in certain cases, you can also experience:

  • Excessive bleeding
  • Feeling light-headed
  • Developing hematoma

Should there be any changes in the lifestyle for balancing the protein level?

One important thing that you have to understand is that no lifestyle changes or diets can be made for bringing down the total level of protein.

A high level of protein means that both the levels of globulin and albumin are high. The albumin levels normally increase when the body is not receiving enough water and is dehydrated.

On the other hand, high levels of globulin can be a result of blood diseases, which include autoimmune diseases like kidney disease, lupus, or liver conditions.

Both albumin and globulin have different and unique purposes within the body. According to the doctors, the condition can be taken care of if you are drinking a lot of water and making sure that your body is not getting dehydrated.


A protein test becomes extremely important when you are feeling extremely tired. Doctors are going to suggest a protein test based on how you are feeling.

Make sure that you are going through everything that has been mentioned above to know everything about a protein test.

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