INTRODUCTION OF COVID-19
COVID-19 is a trending virus which is causing infectious disease among the people of the whole world. It is also known as CORONAVIRUS, as the presence of the spiky crown (or corona in Latin) which can be seen on its surface under the microscope. CORONA VIRUSES are mainly found in avian and mammal.
Human experiences mild to moderate respiratory illness due to get infected by this virus and in rare cases coronavirus infection has been associated with an outburst of diarrhea in children.
This disease causes serious illness or an effect on humans which comes under the old age and those having problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer.
The COVID- 19 virus spread through the droplets of saliva and discharge from the nose, so when an infected person sneezes in front of another healthy person or if an infected person comes in contact with a healthy then this infection can transfer to a healthy person. So, it is important to practice respiratory etiquette.
SYMPTOMS WHICH INDICATES THE INFECTION COVID-19
The COVID-19 is affecting the different people in so many ways. It mainly causes respiratory disease and can develop mild to moderate symptoms in infected people. There are some common symptoms which mainly include:
- Dry cough
There are some other symptoms which should consider as serious:
- Difficulty in breathing and shortness of breathing
- Aches and pain
- Sore throat
- In rare cases diarrhoea, nausea or runny nose can also be seen.
OUTBREAK OF COVID-19
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses which will cause illnesses like the cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). In 2019, a replacement coronavirus was identified because the explanation for a disease outbreak that originated in China.
The virus is now referred to as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease it causes is named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In March 2020, the world Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak a deadly disease.
Public health groups, including the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and WHO, are monitoring the death disease and providing us a update imformations related to this. And both groups have also issued recommendations for preventing, reducing and treating the illness.
Risk factors of COVID-19
Risk factors for COVID-19 appear to include:
- If you travel recently from or residence in an area with ongoing community spread of COVID-19 as determined by CDC or WHO
- If you had Close contact with someone who has COVID-19
Complications of COVID-19
Although most of the people with COVID-19 have mild to moderate symptoms, the disease can cause severe medical complications and cause death in some people. Older adults or people with existing chronic medical conditions are at greater risk of becoming seriously ill with COVID-19.
Complications may include:
Pneumonia in both lungs
And Organ failure in several organs
PREVENTIONS CAN BE TAKEN TO REDUCE THE RISK OF COVID-19
As we all know that the vaccination for this virus still not available. So, to reduce the risk of these disease WHO and CDC recommended so many precautions which are listed below:
- We should avoid large events and gatherings.
- We should avoid any type of contact as it is contagious disease with anyone who is sick or has symptoms.
- Keep maintain distance between yourself and others if COVID-19 is spreading in your community, especially if you have a higher risk of serious illness.
- We should wash our hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or can use hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Mouth and nose should be cover with elbow or a tissue when you cough or sneeze and throw away the used tissue in a closed dustbin.
- Do not touch your sensitive areas eyes, nose and mouth.
- Do not share dishes, glasses, bedding and other household items if you’re sick.
- We should clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces daily.
- Stay home and try to do work from home, avoid school and public areas if you’re sick, unless you’re going to get medical care.
- Avoid use of public transportation if you’re sick.
- Wear mask if you are going to a public place
Hey, This is Drishti Sharma, pursuing BSc. from IGNOU and have completed a Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology from Young Women Christian Association (YWCA) institute. I love to write and share my words with the world. I also engage myself in teaching which enhances my creativity and makes me more expressible.