Postoperative Pain Management Methods 

Postoperative pain is the suffering you go through after a surgical procedure. If you have ever gone through postoperative pain, then you know that they are brutal. Postoperative pain does not spare anyone. However, doctors and medical experts can help you minimize such pain with the help of various pain management methods. In this article, we further discuss some medical experts’ pain management methods. 

Postoperative Pain Management Methods

Some of the most common postoperative pain management methods are as follows: 

Preemptive Analgesia for Pain Management 

The preparation for post-surgery pain management starts before the surgery. Pre-emptive analgesia pertains to the pain-relieving treatment provided before the surgery. Preemptive analgesia is known to be more efficient than the analgesia treatment provided post-surgery. This analgesia reduces immediate postoperative pain and lowers your chances of developing chronic pain. Preemptive analgesia will reduce the physiological consequences of nociceptive transmission provoked by the procedure.

Thus, pre-emptive analgesia will contribute to pain management through pain minimization and faster recovery time.

Simple Painkillers For Pain Management

Simple painkillers are those drugs that are common household names. Some of the simple painkiller drugs are paracetamol and ibuprofen. After your surgery, the doctors will prescribe such medicines to minimize the pain. Such simple painkillers will work perfectly in simple circumstances, but they cannot relieve your post-surgery pain completely. Thus, in the case of post-surgery wounds, simple painkillers are prescribed in combination with other drugs. 

Thus, simple painkillers like paracetamol and ibuprofen can help manage pain by aiding in other medications’ healing properties. 

Morphine For Pain Management 

Morphines are given to the patients in case of more severe pain. Morphines are a type of post-surgery painkillers that will minimize the body’s sensations. As a result, the patient will not feel any pain. Some similar painkillers like morphine are fentanyl and oxycodone. So, in case of minor injuries, doctors will not prescribe morphine because morphine can be risky for habit formulation. 

Thus, morphine will be used for postoperative pain management to minimize bodily sensations. 

Local Anaesthetic For Pain Management 

Pain management doctors will use local anesthesia to numb a small body area. Local anesthetic works by blocking conditions in the bloodstream. Due to this nature, local anesthesia is safer than other forms and anesthesia. The recovery time from local anesthesia is also significantly lower than the recovery time of general anesthesia. 

Thus, local anesthesia will help you manage pain by numbing only a small part of your body. 

Epidural for Pain Management 

Epidural is another popular method used for temporary pain management. Epidural is injected in your back, which will help you relieve any pain from your belly button to your toes. Unlike general anesthesia, epidurals also don’t cause the patient to lose consciousness. Epidurals are widely used to relieve pain during childbirth. They effectively control labor pain and other chronic pain by temporarily removing pain from the lower body. 

Thus, the epidural plays a crucial role in pain management by numbing lower body pain.

Peripheral Nerve Blocks for Pain Management 

Peripheral nerve blocks are those procedures that will control the sensation in the body part, which requires surgery. In pain management, peripheral nerve blocks are used as alternatives to general anesthesia and other central nerve block methods. Peripheral nerve blocks are most commonly used for limb surgery. Patients can stay awake or sleep during the surgery in peripheral nerve blocks. One advantage of peripheral nerve blocks is that the patient’s given peripheral nerve blocks will require less recovery time. 

Peripheral nerve blocks usually have no side effects, but some patients report itchiness and slight nausea. Thus, peripheral nerve blocks will help manage pain by relieving pain and faster recovery.

Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesia For Pain Management

Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia is given to patients after major surgery. In this method, the patients themselves are responsible for the administration of drugs. The medical team will provide patients with buttons that will deliver a small dose of medication into their veins. Depending on the level of their pain, patients can increase or decrease the level of painkillers. The pump will also keep track of your presses. Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia is only prescribed for a short period because the medication used in this method is usually morphine which is addictive. 

Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia provides autonomy to the patients. The freedom offered by intravenous methods makes this method likable to patients. However, patients should take intravenous patient-controlled analgesia only under a controlled environment, and patients should take utmost precautions to prevent overdose. 

Non-Invasive Pain Management Methods  

In the aftermath of an accident, have you ever recovered completely, but yet, you felt a certain uneasiness? In case of significant injuries, your wound might heal externally, but the internal pain might last for an extended period. In such a scenario, invasive methods might not have any relevance. Since the problem is beyond the medical field, the solution should also be beyond the medical field. Thus, non-invasive methods will do their magic for such unnecessarily extended pains. Some non-invasive pain management strategies are physical therapies, massages, meditations, etc. 

In such cases, postoperative pain management techniques will help you to override the pain. Thus, non-invasive pain management methods are long-term pain management solutions. 


The medical field has made significant progress in the postoperative pain management field. Without these numerous medications and methods to relieve pain, it would have been impossible to perform surgeries on human beings. The pain management system has directly contributed to saving innumerable lives till now. Due to these qualities, pain management systems have proven to be one of the most significant discoveries in the medical field. 

However, it is also important to note that pain management methods also come with disadvantages. In some cases, drugs administered during the pain management process can have serious side effects on the health and well-being of the patients. Some of the medications used during the pain management process can even be addicting. Thus, it is important to move ahead with the “Prevention is better than cure” mindset when it comes to diseases and pain.