A Healthy Eating is the basis of a healthy life, but in real-time, introducing a healthy diet can be very complicated.
The answer to the question ‘’What is a healthy diet?’’ Could be answered through the food pyramid. The food pyramid is also known as the nutritional pyramid because nutritionists worldwide mostly agree with its structure and gradation. They create professional nutrition plans for patients based on the food pyramid and the individual characteristics of each individual.
What is the structure of the food pyramid?
The correct food pyramid consists of 4 primary food groups:
- I Carbohydrates and grains
- II Vegetables and fruits
- III Proteins
- IV Fats
I – Whole grains, potatoes, and pasta: complex carbohydrates
At the bottom of the pyramid, which is its widest part, some foods should be consumed daily. Therefore, this is the essential part of the pyramid, which includes rice, potatoes, whole meal bread, and pasta. All these foods are important sources of carbohydrates, but it should be noted that we are talking about complex carbohydrates that break down into simple sugars more slowly, which is why you stay full longer. We are talking about a significant energy source for the human body, with a tiny proportion of fat and many vitamins, minerals, fibers, and aromatic plant ingredients.
II – Vegetables and fruits – vitamins and minerals
Right above whole grains, as the second most abundant part of the diet, there are fruits and vegetables. Their primary role is to provide the body with all the necessary vitamins and minerals, which is why they should make up a large part of our diet.
It is recommended to consume up to 3 portions of fresh fruit per day, alone or in some combination, for example, with yogurt, so that the intake of vitamins and minerals is tastier and more fun. This implies the consumption of vegetables during the day, as part of meals, or independently between them. It is important to consume fresh, seasonal fruits and vegetables and stone fruits such as almonds, walnuts, and hazelnuts.
III – Dairy products and meat – proteins
Meat, fish, eggs, and cheese are full of proteins, and they are important because they ensure the building and renewal of cells in the body. Some of these foods, such as beef, are also considered foods high in arginine; at the same time, cheese, eggs, and fish are also rich in calcium, vitamin D, and group B vitamins, and all of them together contribute to the health of our body.
IV – Oils and simple sugars – fats
At the very top of the pyramid, in its narrowest part, there are foods with a lot of fat. Before mentioning the well-known fact that excessive fats should be avoided in general, we also point out that a certain amount of fats is necessary for normal functioning, especially when it comes to some heart and brain functions. That is why they found a small but significant place in the food pyramid.
An important thing you can do for yourself is always choose healthy fats over unhealthy saturated fats. An excellent choice can be vegetable fats (for example, olive or pumpkin oil), while the excessive use of animal fats leads only to weight gain and the risks of various diseases. Avoid sweets and carbonated drinks as much as possible.
A healthy diet is not a complicated and expensive diet.
One of the most common excuses for carelessness in nutrition is related to the cost of a healthy lifestyle, and generally, healthy foods are labeled expensive and rare. We would disagree with that. Healthy food is primarily nutritionally rich food that you can find in every market at affordable prices if you want it.
Healthy eating starts with eliminating unhealthy foods from your daily menu and not buying expensive and rare products. Proper nutrition requires your will, not your money!
Beware of fake healthy foods.
Last but not least, beware of fake healthy foods! Very often, on the shelves of supermarkets, you can find products that, based on the specifications, are genuinely healthy and useful. However, only some things are always as it seems. The best example is sweets, especially chocolate bars, whose specifications guarantee less sugar and unhealthy ingredients than classic ones. This is undoubtedly a double-edged sword because many studies have shown that these products are similar in composition and essence.
Hi, I’m the Founder and Developer of Paramedics World, a blog truly devoted to Paramedics. I am a Medical Lab Tech, a Web Developer and Bibliophiliac. My greatest hobby is to teach and motivate other peoples to do whatever they wanna do in life.