Medical Prefixes - What Do They Mean? | Medical Information

MEDICAL PREFIXES – A LIST OF COMMONLY USED MEDICAL PREFIXES AND THEIR MEANINGS

Here is the list of commonly used medical prefixes which is definitely gonna help you in understanding the terms used by medical professionals especially in prescriptions given by doctors or pharmacists as well as many prefixes are used along with the medical abbreviations in the Investigation Forms that has to be performed in the diagnostic laboratories….



PREFIXESMEANING
A-Without, lack of
Ab-Away from
Abdomin-Abdomen
Acro-Pertaining to an extremity
Ad-To, Toward
Adeno-Pertaining to a gland
An-Without, Lack of
Ana-Up, Back, Again
Angio-Vessel
Ante-Before, Forward
Anti-Against, Opposed to
Arterio-Artery
Arthro-Pertaining to a joint
Auto-Self
Bi-Two
Bio-Pertaining to life
Blasto-Germ or Cell
Blephar(o)-Pertaining to an eyelid
Brady-Slow
Calc-Stone; also Heel
Cardio-Pertaining to the heart
Cephalo-Pertaining to the head
Cerebro-Pertaining to the Cerebrum,
A part of the Brain
Cervico-Pertaining to the Neck or
the Uterine Cervix
Chole-Pertaining to Bile
Chondro-Pertaining to Cartilage
Circum-Around, About
Contra-Against, Opposite
Costo-Pertaining to a Rib
Cyano-Blue
Cysto-Pertaining to the Bladder or
any fluid - containing Sac
Cyto-Pertaining to a Cell
De-Down from
Dermato-Pertaining to the Skin
Di-Twice, Double
Dia-Thorough, Completely
Dys-Difficult, Painful, Abnormal
Ecto-Out from
Electro-Pertaining to Electricity
Endo-Within
Entero-Pertaining to the Intestines
Epi-Upon, On
Erythro-Pertaining to anything Red or
to Erythrocytes (red blood cells)
Eu-Easy, Good, Normal
Exo-Outside
Extra-Outside, In addition
Gastro-Pertaining to the Stomach
Glyco-Sugar
Gyneco-Pertaining to Females or
the Female Reproductive Organs
Hemato-Pertaining to Blood
Hemi-Half
Hemo-Pertaining to Blood
Hepato-Pertaining to the Liver
Heter-Other, Different
Hom-Same or Like
Hydro-Water
Hyper-Over, Excessive
Hypo-Under, Deficient
Hystero-Pertaining to the Uterus
Infra-Below
Inter-Between
Intra-Within
Iso-Equal
Latero-Side
Leuko-Pertaining to anything white or
to leukocytes (white blood cells)
Litho-Pertaining to a Stone
Macro-Large
Mal-Bad or Abnormal
Medi-Middle
Mega-Large
Melan-Black
Meningo-Pertaining to a membrane,
particularly the Meninges
Micro-Small
Mono-One
Myelo-Pertaining to the spinal cord,
the bone marrow, or Myelin
Myo-Pertaining to Muscle
Naso-Pertaining to the Nose
Neo-New
Nephro-Pertaining to the Kidney
Neuro-Pertaining to a Nerve or
the Nervous System
Noct-Night
Oligo-Little, Deficient
Oophoro-Pertaining to the Ovary
Ophthalmo-Pertaining to the Eye
Orchido-Pertaining to the Testicles
Orchio-Pertaining to the Testicles
Oro-Pertaining to the Mouth
Ortho-Straight or Normal
Osteo-Pertaining to Bone
Oto-Pertaining to the Ear
Para-By the side of
Patho-Pertaining to Disease
Per-Through
Peri-Around
Phago-Pertaining to Eating, Ingesting,
or Engulfing
Pharyngo-Pertaining to the Throat,
or Pharynx
Phlebo-Pertaining to a Vein
Pneumo-Pertaining to Respiration,
the Lungs, or Air
Poly-Many
Post-After, Behind
Pre-Before
Pro-Before, In front of
Procto-Pertaining to the Rectum
Pseudo-False
Psycho-Pertaining to the Mind
Pulmo-Pertaining to the Lung
Pur-Pertaining to Pus
Pyelo-Pertaining to the
Kidney or Pelvis
Pyo-Pertaining to Pus
Quadri-Four
Quar-Four
Quat-Four
Retro-Backward or Behind
Rhino-Pertaining to the Nose
Salpingo-Pertaining to a Tube
Sclero-Hard; also means Pertaining
to the Sclera
Semi-Half or Partial
Sub-Under, Moderately
Super-Above, Excessive, or
More than Normal
Supra-Above
Tachy-Fast
Therm-Pertaining to Temperature
Thoraco-Pertaining to the Chest
Trans-Across
Tri-Three
Uni-One
Vaso-Vessel



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MEDICAL PREFIXES – A LIST OF COMMONLY USED MEDICAL PREFIXES AND THEIR MEANINGS

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