November 2017 | PARAMEDICS WORLD
Open post CARBOHYDRATES - DEFINITION OF CARBOHYDTRATES - FUNCTIONS OF CARBOHYDRATES - USES OF CARBOHYDRATES - CLASSIFICATION OF CARBOHYDRATES

CARBOHYDRATES – DEFINITION, FUNCTIONS, CLASSIFICATION, ISOMERISM & PROPERTIES

INTRODUCTION TO CARBOHYDRATES ⇒ Carbohydrates are the polyhydroxy Aldehydes or Ketones, are major macronutrient and the primary sources of energy. ⇒ Consists of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen. ⇒ The general formula for carbohydrates is Cn(H2O)n. ⇒ For e.g. – C6(H2O)6 =  C6H12O6                          “CARBOHYDRATES – DEFINITION, FUNCTIONS, CLASSIFICATION, ISOMERISM & PROPERTIES”

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Open post SUBCUTANEOUS MYCOSES - RHINOSPORIDOSIS - FUNGAL INFECTION - SKIN HAIR NAILS

SUBCUTANEOUS MYCOSES

INTRODUCTION TO SUBCUTANEOUS MYCOSES –  Subcutaneous mycosis is principally found in tropical and subtropical regions. The fungi causing such subcutaneous mycoses are either normally present in the soil or are pathogens of plants. the various types of subcutaneous mycoses include – Mycotic Mycetoma Sporotrichosis Rhinosporidiosis Chromomycosis Subcutaneous phycomycosis MYCETOMA ⇒ Mycetoma is a chronic, granulomatous,“SUBCUTANEOUS MYCOSES”

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Open post LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS OF FUNGI - LAB DIAGNOSIS OF FUNGAL INFECTION - MYCOSES

LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS OF FUNGI

LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS OF FUNGI IS CARRIED OUT AS FOLLOWS: ⇒ The laboratory diagnosis of fungi or fungal infections is made by microscopy, culture, serology and skin test (for hypersensitivity). ⇒ Specimens: the specimen is collected from the site of the lesion. In case of disseminated (spreading) infection, blood sample needs to be collected. ⇒ Microscopy:“LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS OF FUNGI”

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Open post GENERAL FEATURES & CLASSIFICATION OF FUNGI - CHARACTERISTICS OF FUNGI

GENERAL FEATURES & CLASSIFICATION OF FUNGI

INTRODUCTION TO MYCOLOGY MYCOLOGY is the branch of microbiology that deals with the study of Fungi and Fungal diseases. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FUNGI ⇒ All fungi are Eukaryotic protists. ⇒ They may be Multi cellular (Moulds) or Unicellular (Yeasts). ⇒ They are chemotropic organisms i.e. obtaining their nutrients from chemicals in nature. ⇒ Fungi are“GENERAL FEATURES & CLASSIFICATION OF FUNGI”

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Open post RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS - RSV - RESPIRATORY ILLNESS - BRONCHIOLITIS - PHARYNGITIS

RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS (RSV)

INTRODUCTION TO RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS (RSV) ⇒ The Respiratory syncytial virus is the most important causative agent of bronchiolitis & pneumonitis in infants and causes common cold or rhinitis in older children and adults. ⇒ RSV was first isolated in 1956 from chimpanzees with coryza & was called the chimpanzee coryza agent. ⇒ A year later,“RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS (RSV)”

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Open post ARBOVIRUSES - MOSQUITO BORNE DISEASES - ARBOVIRUS VECTOR

ARBOVIRUSES – THE KILLER ARTHROPOD BORNE DISEASES

INTRODUCTION TO ARBOVIRUSES ⇒ Arboviruses are the RNA viruses that are transmitted by blood-sucking arthropods from one vertebrate host to another ⇒ Arboviruses are worldwide in distribution but are more numerous in the tropical than in temperate zones. ⇒ Arboviruses are very wide host range including many species of animals and birds. The most important“ARBOVIRUSES – THE KILLER ARTHROPOD BORNE DISEASES”

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Open post CYTOMEGALOVIRUS - CMV - OWL EYE INCLUSIONS - CONGENITAL INFECTION

CYTOMEGALOVIRUS (CMV)

INTRODUCTION TO CYTOMEGALOVIRUSES Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is formerly known as salivary gland virus, are a group of Herpes viruses, characterized by enlargement of infected cells and prominent Intranuclear inclusions. INFECTIONS CAUSED BY CYTOMEGALOVIRUS ⇒ The source of the infection is usually by direct contact with body fluids, such s Saliva, Blood, Urine, Semen, Vaginal fluids, and“CYTOMEGALOVIRUS (CMV)”

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